Muscles anal sphincters that surround the anal canal relax to allow waste to leave your body. Anal cancer is an uncommon type of cancer that occurs in the anal canal. The anal canal is a short tube at the end of your rectum through which stool leaves your body. Most people with anal cancer are treated with a combination of chemotherapy and radiation.
Treatment of Anal Cancer, by Stage
Anal canal carcinoma treatment results: the experience of a single institution
Cloacogenic carcinoma is a rare tumor of the anorectal region originating from a persistant remnant of the cloacal membrane of the embryo. Most tumors present as fungating or ulcerating lesions, but the tumor may arise in anal ducts and present as a submucosal mass. National Center for Biotechnology Information , U. Journal List Ann Surg v. Ann Surg. Copyright and License information Disclaimer.
Carcinoma of the Anus: Strategies in Management
Estimated new cases and deaths from anal, anal canal, and anorectal cancer in the United States in [ 1 ]. The initial evaluation of a patient with anal cancer will include a careful clinical examination of the inguinal region and biopsy of any palpable lymph nodes. Anal cancer is usually curable. Overall, the risk of anal cancer is rising due to increased incidence of human papilloma virus HPV infection. Data suggest that certain sexual practices, such as receptive anal intercourse or a high lifetime number of sexual partners, portend an increased risk of anal cancer.
Appreciate the evolution of methods of managing anal carcinomas and appropriate selection of modalities to employ in various situations at the present time. Understand methods of integrating chemotherapy and radiation to achieve desirable outcomes. The management of anal cancer underwent an interesting transformation over the last two decades. Prior to this period, the standard definitive treatment for carcinoma of the anal canal was abdominal-perineal resection, which necessitated a permanent colostomy. The organ preservation concept appeared following the discovery of a high complete response rate from preoperative combined chemoradiation prior to abdominal-perineal resection.